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Tag Descriptions Following the DTD

About the Tag Descriptions:

This document contains a full description and a rationale for the Elements and Attributes in the DTD. The descriptions in this list follow the outline of the DTD and XML document template. To search for a term alphabetically, see the alphabetical listing.

All ‹tags› defined here are ‹!ELEMENTs› in the DTD. Information about the ‹!ATTRIBUTE list› accompanies the ‹tag›.

R=required; A=authored, has the ‹enAuthor› attribute, which gives the name of the individual entering the information in the formal First Initial. Last name (ex: J. Drucker).

Tag Descriptions:

‹work› In this project, each artist's book is divided into three levels of information: work, edition, and object. Work is the highest, and most general, level of information. The work should be thought of in the broadest possible terms, as including all the elements pertaining to conception, production, editions, reception history, and so on. The next level, the edition, contains more specific publication information and physical description. Each work can contain multiple editions. In many cases, however, there will only be one edition. The next level is the object level. This is the most specific, and gives information only about the particular book object that is being used to enter the information; this includes specifics regarding inscriptions, condition, location, etc.R
id=unique 4 letter identifier for each work. For example, emrg (Emerging Sentience)

‹title› Holds the titleProper and note fields. The title section can be repeated for subtitles or multiple titles, but remember that this is at the work level, which means that it should be the title of the entire project; specific edition information is not necessary.R

‹titleProper› The title by which the work is known. This is the largest category and so might be "The Dark Project" or "Particle Series" rather than the name of a single edition or book object. R

‹note› Notes can be used to add any additional, clarifying or qualifying information. This field appears throughout the DTD, and can be repeated as necessary.A

‹agents › Wraps information about every agent involved in the work.R

‹agent› Wraps information about each individual agent, including: role, nationality or location, dates, and note. It is important to realize that an agent can be either a person (artist, author, etc.) or an institution (press, gallery, etc.)R type=Either "initiating," "unknown," or "other." Refers to whether or not the agent initiated the project.

‹name› Name(s) of the agent.
type=Types of names are (last | first | middle | unknown | other). "Other" names might include formal titles or place names.R

‹role› The role(s) that the agent played in the creation of the work. If any additional information about a role is needed, it can be typed in between the role tages as text.
type=The choices for role come from the following enumerated list. When none of the terms apply, "other" should be chosen; when further description than the terms allow is needed, text (PCDATA) can be typed in to supplement. (artist | author | binder | calligrapher | designer | gallery | papermaker | photographer | printer | publisher | typographer | other | unknown )

‹nationality› The nationality of the agent (if the agent is an individual).
type=The nationality can be: (born | active | citizenship | unknown | other)

‹location› To provide information about an institutional agent such as a gallery or museum or publisher.

‹dates› Wraps all date information.

‹date› Important date information. In the case of the agent, birth and death dates for the agent. In other instances, the date tag can contain publication and acquisition information.
type=what event occurred on the specified date: (birthdate | deathdate | conception | production | publication | distribution | acquisition | other).
range=Identifies whether the date is a "single" date, or a "span" of time.
norm=This is where the date is placed in the format: DD-MM-YYYY (for a single) or DD-MM-YYYY:DD-MM-YYYY (for a span of dates). If part of the date is unknown, insert 00--for example, 00-00-1997.

‹note› Any other relevant information about the agent.A

‹thumbnail› An image and caption representative of the work, and/or a critical gloss on the image meant to be part of a top level record display. The thumbnail might be called, along with its caption and gloss, into exhibits or displays independent of any of the longer information in the file. Best is to think of the thumbnail plus caption plus gloss as an independent unit. Think of this as an image and text(s) that might function when the critical analysis wasn't present.

‹image› The file name of a representative image of the work.

‹caption› A succinct caption to go along with the image.

‹critGloss› A critical statement glossing the thumbnail image. This is here so that someone could make an exhibit of thumbnails, captions, and critGloss elements; it is meant to provide a stand-alone text, if no other text about the work, edition, or object were present.A

‹pubHist› Wraps note information that gives an overview of all editions of the work, including basics such as date of publication, place, size of edition, etc.

‹note› Here,the note gives an overview of all editions of the work, including basics such as date of publication, place, size of edition, etc.A

‹projectStatement› A general statement about the project. For artists, critics, etc., this is a place to give the reader an introduction into the influences and ideas behind the work, or any other informaiton that seems like it would be interesting or relevant.A

‹aestheticProfile› This section wraps combination of authored and non-authored elements that give basic information about the work. The authored elements provide an opportunity for critical discussion and subjective assessment. More than one author could have entries in an authored elements so all authored fields are repeatable.

‹movement›The style(s) or movement(s) to which the work belongs..
type= The choices for movement come from the following enumerated list of standard terms (AAT) for art historical and literary movements. When none of the terms apply, "other" should be chosen; when further description than the terms allow is needed, text (PCDATA) can be typed in to supplement. (AAT_agitProp | AAT_artePovera | AAT_artInformel | AAT_avantGarde | AAT_conceptual | AAT_concretePoetry | AAT_destructiveArt | AAT_fantasticRealist | AAT_feminism | AAT_funk | AAT_futurist | AAT_dada | AAT_expressionist | AAT_lettrist | AAT_minimal | AAT_multiculturalism | AAT_neoAvantgarde | AAT_photorealist | AAT_pop | AAT_popularCulture | AAT_postconceptual | AAT_postMinimal | AAT_postmodern | AAT_process | AAT_punk | AAT_radicalism | AAT_situationist | AAT_surrealist | AAT_systemic | AAT_traditionalism | local_bookArts | local_languagePoetry | local_newExpressionism | local_noire | unknown | other).

‹subject› Standard subject headings, these should conform to Library of Congress or other conventions.
type= The choices for subject come from the following enumerated list. When none of the terms apply, "other" should be chosen; when further description than the terms allow is needed, text (PCDATA) can be typed in to supplement. (AAT_autobiography | AAT_biography | AAT_erotica | AAT_pornography | AAT_propaganda | AAT_didacticArt | AAT_dissidentArt | AAT_ecologicalArt | AAT_ethnicArt | AAT_fantasticArt | AAT_history | AAT_naiveArt | AAT_nonrepresentationalArt | AAT_outsiderArt | AAT_politicalArt | AAT_publicArt | AAT_serialArt | AAT_streetArt | AAT_comedy | AAT_fiction | AAT_nonfiction | AAT_travelLiterature | AAT_utopianLiterature | AAT_poetry | AAT_visualPoetry | LCSH_acrostics | LCSH_artistsBooks | LCSH_bookDesign | LCSH_concretePoetry | LCSH_experimentalDrama | LCSH_experimentalFiction | LCSH_fairytales | LCSH_games | LCSH_graphicNovels | LCSH_mailart | LCSH_maps | LCSH_miniatureBooks | LCSH_photographs | LCSH_postageStamps | LCSH_puzzles | LCSH_scrolls | LCSH_shortStories | LCSH_ToysandMovables | unknown | other)

‹theme› A description of the thematic concerns of the work.A

‹contentForm› Describes the kind of content that is found in the work.
type= The choices for content form come from the following enumerated list. When none of the terms apply, "other" should be chosen; when further description than the terms allow is needed, text (PCDATA) can be typed in to supplement. (AAT_alphabetBook | AAT_calendars | AAT_comics | AAT_fiction | AAT_fotonovelas | AAT_graphicNovel | AAT_journals | AAT_memoir | AAT_nonfiction | AAT_palimpsest | AAT_pictureBook | AAT_poetry | AAT_prosePoems | AAT_typeSpecimen | local_alteredBk | local_appropriatedText | local_classicText | local_collage | local_cutup | local_documentary | local_experimentalText | local_musicScore | local_narrative | local_notebooks | local_novel | local_performanceDoc | local_personalDiary | local_prose | local_visualNar| unknown | other). Requires: A

‹publicationTrad› Describes the aesthetic traditions within which the work is conceived.
type= The choices for publication tradition come from the following enumerated list. When none of the terms apply, "other" should be chosen; when further description than the terms allow is needed, text (PCDATA) can be typed in to supplement. (AAT_anthology | AAT_catalogue | AAT_chapbook | AAT_eBook | AAT_emblemBook | AAT_livredePeintre | AAT_multiples | AAT_palimpsest | AAT_typeSpecimen | local_activist | local_album | local_artistsBook | local_assembling | local_bookArtsHist | local_bookLikeObject | local_broadside | local_calligraphy | local_catRaisonne | local_collage | local_collection | local_coloringBk | local_comics | local_conceptual | local_desktop | local_exhCatalogue | local_facsimile | local_fetishistic | local_finePress | local_graphNovel | local_illustratedBook | local_interventionist | local_journal | local_livredArtiste | local_minimal | local_periodical | local_process | local_smallPress | local_visNarrative | local_visPoetry | local_unique | local_zine | unknown | other) authored. Requires: A

‹inspiration› A description of sources for the images or texts or any other aspect of the work, inspirations for their production, as appropriate (for example: based on a reinterpretation of Matthew Brady).A

‹relWorks› Other works by this artist or others that might be usefully compared to this or discussed/studied in combination with this work.A

‹otherInflus› Other influences on this work: could be people, reading, political events, drugs, physical condition, emotional condition, anything relevant.A

‹community› Provides information about the community in which the work was conceived and produced, if any. The purpose of this is to help trace influences and connections among artists' book producers and/or groups of artists and poets, through workshops, contact etc.
type= The choices for types of community come from the following enumerated list. When none of the terms apply, "other" should be chosen; when further description than the terms allow is needed, text (PCDATA) can be typed in to supplement.(press | workshop | class | school | none | unknown | other).A

‹note› Any extra or necessary information about the aesthetic profile of the work.A

‹relDocs› Any documents (manuscript materials) related to the work. The relDocs section wraps together all of the manuscript information.

‹manuscripts› For each set, or type of manuscripts, this section is used to describe the type and location of the materials.
type= The choices for manuscript type come from the following enumerated list. When none of the terms apply, "other" should be chosen; when further description than the terms allow is needed, text (PCDATA) can be typed in to supplement. (texts | mockups | correspondence | financial | legal | other)

‹locationInfo› the location that the manuscripts are stored.
type= The kind of location number or place that is being identifies. The choices for location type come from the following enumerated list. When none of the terms apply, "other" should be chosen; when further description than the terms allow is needed, text (PCDATA) can be typed in to supplement. (callNo | shelfList | url | artistsArchive | other)

‹note› Any extra or necessary information about the related documents.A

‹exHist› Any exhibition history of the work (larger project, concept, materials etc.).

‹receptHist› Any reception history of the work including critical materials, reviews etc.

‹genComment› General commentary allows for discussion of the work, edition, or object. This is the most direct critical gloss, and might be thought of as the primary commentary in the record. A conventional record might contain a general commentary, but in other cases this will be an authored field. A

‹editions› In this project, each artist's book is divided into three levels of information: work, edition, and object. The editions section wraps information about each individual edition (although there can be multiple editions, in most cases, there will likely be only one). The edition section contains more specific publication information and physical description. It also contains critical analysis secgtions that allow the entering author to respond critically to the edition.R

‹edition› Contains all of teh edition-specific information; this section will be repeated for each edition.R
id=unique 4 letter identifier for each work + a 2-digit edition number. For example, emrg01 (Emerging Sentience, edition 1)

‹volume› Having a volume as a subset of edition allows for the possibility of a multi-volume edition. However, in the vast majority of cases, there will be only one volume, and therefore this section will not need to repeat.R

‹title› Title information specific to the edition. This section is only necessary if there is title information that is unique to the edition. See above (explaination under work) for comprehensive information on filling out this section.

‹agents› Agent information specific to the edition. This section is only necessary if there are agents unique to the edition that were not mentioned already under work. See above (explaination under work) for comprehensive information on filling out this section.

‹thumbnail› Thumbnail information specific to the edition. This section is only necessary if there are thumbnails unique to the edition that were not described already under work. See above (explaination under work) for comprehensive information on filling out this section.

‹edPubHist› This tag wraps the edInfo section, which provides comprehensive informtion about the edition history and publication history.

‹edInfo› Describes the publicaiton history of the edition. Contains various descriptive elements and attributes.
ordertype= The edition number; is it the first edition, or another edition. Choices: (first | other)
edtype= The edition type; is it the only edition, or in a multiple-edition work. Choices: (unique | editioned)
numtype= Is the edition numbered? Choices: (numbered | unnumbered)
sigtype= Is the edition signed? Choices: (signed | unsigned)

‹dates› Wraps all date information.

‹date› Important date information. In the case of the edition, conception, production, and publication dates as relevant. In other instances, the date tag can contain birth and death date information, as well as acquisition informaion.
type=what event occurred on the specified date: (birthdate | deathdate | conception | production | publication | distribution | acquisition | other).
range=Identifies whether the date is a "single" date, or a "span" of time.
norm=This is where the date is placed in the format: DD-MM-YYYY (for a single) or DD-MM-YYYY:DD-MM-YYYY (for a span of dates). If part of the date is unknown, insert 00--for example, 00-00-1997.

‹publisher› Publisher of the edition--will often be self, artist, or other publisher.

‹place› The place is the place of publication as listed in standard cataloguing protocol; any more detailed or elaborate information about the place(s) of production should be put into the production narrative section of each edition. The place is linked to production of the edition, rather than the conception of the work, which might be very difficult to pin down or locate.

‹edSize›Size of the edition.

‹versions› Wraps information about any other versions of the work that may exist (performance pieces, installations, etc.).

‹version› Description of any other versions of the edition (ex: performance pieces, handcolored versions, specially bound versions, etc.) This field is meant to provide a place to describe the versions in the edition. More detailed descriptions of each version can be done under object.

‹note› As needed to explain any of the edition information.A

‹colophon› The full text of the colophon should be typed in, just for information, without format or markup inside the text.

‹physDesc› Information in this section describes the physical properties of the edition, able to be entered by a cataloguer or researcher if known, derivable from observation, or from documentation in the colophon or other sources. This information will mostly be based on the object, and does not repeat the publication information. This is not meant to be critical analysis--just physical description of the edition.

‹genDesc› A descriptive overview of the edition, or commentary that cannot be accommodated by the fields that follow.

‹measurements› Wraps together every measurement given for the edition.

‹measurement› Each measurement taken for the edition should have its own tag section of information. The measurement number (ex. 4.5) should be given inside the tags as text (PCDATA). Any other information not accounted for in the following attributes can also be explained inside the tage as text (PCDATA).
type= Type of measurement taken. Choices: (horizontal | vertical | depth | weight)
state= State the edition is was when the measurement was taken. Choices: (closed | open | other).
unit= Unit of measurement. Choices: (inches | feet | millimeter | centimeter | meter | pixels | other)

‹format› Describes the format(s) of the edition.
type= The choices for format come from the following enumerated list. When none of the terms apply, "other" should be chosen; when further description than the terms allow is needed, text (PCDATA) can be typed in to supplement.(AAT_accordion | AAT_album | AAT_blankBook | AAT_bookObject | AAT_carousel | AAT_codex | AAT_concertina | AAT_dosAdos | AAT_flag | AAT_flip | AAT_foldout | AAT_frenchDoor | AAT_JacobsLadder | AAT_harlequinade | AAT_pamphlet | AAT_scroll | AAT_stab | local_cards | local_circular | local_fan | local_fascicles | local_popUp | local_rolodex | local_sculptural | local_tunnel | unknown | other)

‹pagination› The number of pages in the edition.
type= Does the edition have page numbers or not? Choices: (paginated | unpaginated)

‹cover› Description of cover, including stock and materials.

‹binding› The choices for binding come from the following enumerated list. When none of the terms apply, "other" should be chosen; when further description than the terms allow is needed, text (PCDATA) can be typed in to supplement.
type= Type of binding. Choices: (AAT_perfect | AAT_coptic | AAT_spiral | AAT_ring | AAT_comb | AAT_smythSewing | AAT_saddleStitching | AAT_caseBinding | AAT_looseLeaf | local_adhesive | local_boxed | local_case | local_grommets | local_handsewn | local_machinesewn | local_portfolio | local_post | local_slidingBard | local_slipcase | local_special | local_velobind | unknown | other)

‹devices› Description of boxes, stands, other elements that are part of the edition but not precisely part of the book, supplementary but essential elements of any kind.

‹substrate› Describes the physical material or substrate of the book or book object (as distinct from the media).
type= The section of the book whose substrate is being described. Choices: (bookBlock | endsheets | other)
support= The kind of basic material support used in the particular section of the edition. Choices: (paper | other)

‹media› Describes the medium or media used to make marks, images, impressions, etc. on the material support.
type= Choices for the type of media used are: (AAT_audioTape | AAT_CD | AAT_ceramics | AAT_collage | AAT_drawingMedia | AAT_DVD | AAT_foundObjects | AAT_glass | AAT_metal | AAT_otherPaint | AAT_plastics | AAT_plexiglas | AAT_rubber | AAT_videoTape | AAT_wood | local_digital | local_ink | local_watercolor | local_gouache | local_gold | local_mixed | local_bodilyFluids | unknown |other)

‹otherMaterials›Any other materials used in the production of the edition. Twigs, bark, feathers, phtotos, etc.

‹color› Description, if appropriate, of any dominant or interesting color schemes in the edition.
type= Is the edition in color (not black and white)? Choices: (yes | no)

‹enclosures› Wraps information about each enclosed item in the edition, if any.

‹item› Brief description of each individual encolsed item.

‹productionInfo› Contains production information that isn't observable in the object.

‹productionMeans› Description of print technology, actual presses, and tools of production. This is the place to describe the use of lithography, etching, offset, photography, letterpress, what kind of press if possible and etc.
type= Choices for the type of production means: (AAT_inkjet | AAT_intaglio | AAT_laser | AAT_planographic | AAT_relief | AAT_screen | AAT_transfer | local_assemblage | local_blueprint | local_calligraphy | local_chineColle | local_collage | local_Cprint | local_digitalinkjet | local_digitalIris | local_digitalLaser | local_drypoint | local_engraving | local_etching | local_hotFoilDyeStamping | local_letterpress | local_linoleum | local_monoprint | local_offset | local_otherIntaglio | local_painting | local_rubberStmps | local_silkscreen | local_stoneLitho | local_tradPhoto | local_woodcut | local_xerographic | unknown | other)

‹productionNar› The production narrative allows a longer, more detailed history of the narrative of production of the edition.A

‹criticalAnal› This section contains subjective, analytical discussion of the edition. This should be a focused interpretation rather than a gloss. These fields will not be constrained by enumerated lists or other pre-determined vocabulary or concepts. These fields are meant to provide an impetus for critical and scholarly discussion of books. This section should be repeated for each individual entering author.A

‹desFeatures› This section contains information about the design features as per the elements below, each of which is meant to provoke critical discussion or analytic description. These areas don't carry attribute lists, since they are largely subjective and descriptive.

‹typographic› Comments on typography and approach: mixed fonts, ransom-note, inter-linear texts, anything at all distinctive, remarkable, or worthy of comment with respect to the typography.

‹imagery› Comments on visual images and their approach: silhouettes, as well as the image program or use of images, etc.

‹graphical› Comments on graphic design and approach: conventional layout, radical experimentation, layering effects, transparencies, etc.

‹openings›Comments on any significant use of openings.

‹turnings›Comments on any significant use of turnings.

‹development›Comments on the way development occurs.

‹sequence›Comments on any significant use of sequences or not.

‹textual›Comments on any significant textual features.

‹structure›Comments on any significant structural features.

‹conceptual›Comments on any significant conceptual features.

‹intratextual›Comments on the relation among various elements in the edition.

‹sculptFeatures›Comments on any significant sculptural features.

‹tempFeatures›Comments on any any significant temporal features.

‹otherFeatures›Comments on any other book specific features: folds, cuts, use of margins.

‹critDiscuss›Critical discussion of themes, issues, political and philosophical, artistic and literary, subject matter and treatment : any critical issue at all that isn't strictly limited to structural analysis. The detailed analysis sections can be used to demonstrate and focus on either structural features, critical issues, or other aspects of the book worthy of close attention.

‹detailedAnal› This is the place for any indepth discussion of the edition, including close-readings of pages, or specific features of the edition as a whole. Each discussion is enclosed in its own "study" tag section.

‹study› A focused study, a unit within the detailed analysis, can be one, or many.

‹comment› Commentary part of the study.

‹image› The image file name that goes along with the commentary.

‹genComment› Any additional critical commentary about this edition.A

‹relDocs› Any existing manuscripts specific to the edition. See the explaination above (relDocs under work) if more comprehensive information is needed.

‹exHist› Any exhibition history specific to this edition.

‹receptHist› Any reception history specific to this edition.

‹genComment› Any additional comments that may be needed after everything else has been said about this edition.A

‹object› In this project, each artist's book is divided into three levels of information: work, edition, and object. The object level is the most specific of the three. It gives informaion about the specific book object that is being used to enter the informaion; this includes specifics regarding inscriptions, condition, location, etc.
id= The object id is the 4 letter identifier of the work + the 2-digit edition number, plus the 2-digit object number. For example, emrg0102. (Emergin Sentience, Edition 1, Object 2)R

‹title› If unique title exists, specific to the object. See the explaination above (title under work) if more comprehensive information is needed for filling out this section.

‹agents› If any object-specific agents exist. See the explaination above (agents under work) if more comprehensive information is needed for filling out this section.

‹copyNum› Number of this particular copy.

‹inscription› Write out any inscriptions that appear in the work.

‹provenance› Wraps information about the history of ownership of this object.

‹dates› Wraps all date information.

‹date› Important date information. In the case of provenance, the acquisition date. In other instances, the date tag can contain publication information or birth and death dates for agents.
type=what event occurred on the specified date: (birthdate | deathdate | conception | production | publication | distribution | acquisition | other).
range=Identifies whether the date is a "single" date, or a "span" of time.
norm=This is where the date is placed in the format: DD-MM-YYYY (for a single) or DD-MM-YYYY:DD-MM-YYYY (for a span of dates). If part of the date is unknown, insert 00--for example, 00-00-1997.

‹note› Description of the provenance of the object.A

‹repository› Wraps information regarding the location of the object.

‹institution› Place where the object is housed.

‹collection› If relevant, the collection within the institution that it is a part of.

‹locationInfo› Location of the object.
type= Type of location identifier given. Choices: (callNo | shelfList | url | artistsArchive | other)

‹rights› Who owns the rights over the use and display of this object, and any regulations that may exist for the object.

‹particulars› Describe anything specific or particular to this object that came about as part of its production: typos, mis-collation, upside down pages, images, signatures, smudging etc.

‹condition› Describe any wear or damage to this particular object that has occurred since it was produced.
type= Type of condition that the object is in. Choices: (veryFine | fine | veryGood | good | fair | poor)

‹relDocs› Any existing manuscripts specific to the object. See the explaination above (relDocs under work) if more comprehensive information is needed.

‹conservationTreat› Describe any preservation or conservation work done on this object.

‹exRequire› Specific requirements for exhibiting this object: white gloves, in display case, to be handled, low light, etc.

‹exHist› Any exhibition history specific to this object if known, and as appropriate or useful.

‹receptHist› Any reception history specific to this object.

‹genComment› Any further general comments on this particular object.A